A hafiz is someone who memorised all of the Quran (and maybe the hadith), and learnt its intonation, its syntax and basically how to present the words in a pleasing manner befitting of divine scripture. It’s not a very easy job, cos it takes years to memorise the Quran, let alone the other things, which makes a hafiz highly-respected in their community.
Recitation requires one to face Mecca (it’s the same when they pray). Zeynel opens his recitation with Bismillah, a standard phrase in acknowledgement of God, and is always said before every surah/prayer.
I imagine Zeynel having a light pleasing voice when he recites. His speaking voice is also equally silvery? (but slightly deeper than his singing/recital voice) How I describe it is a ‘nerd voice’, cos basically that’s what he is. It has the sound of something being pulled back, as he stutters and tries to get his words out, while also not letting that something out at the same time.
(for fairness: Ayse has a clucking voice. I don’t mean this badly! It’s just a strong, feminine voice. It also carries more than Zeynel’s, and possesses an intent or forcefulness borne out of confidence. It comes into the room and tells you I’m here I know why I’m here and I’m going to get it)
from Imam al-Ghazali, on the Etiquette of Quran Recitation (pdf link)
al-Ghazali (born 1111) was a scholar whose books and ideas made huge influence on Sunni thought.
The following is a summary produced by the Harvard School of Divinity, from the book (the pdf link above) that was translated by
The Internal Rules (or ‘Mental Tasks’) of Quran Recitation